domenica 2 maggio 2010

Il salvataggio della Grecia. Aggiornamento al 30 aprile 2010.

Alla fine ecco il bailout: secondo il Wall Street Journal

Greece reached a historic deal with other euro-zone countries and the International Monetary Fund for a three-year, €110 billion ($146.5 billion) bailout, as the country's prime minister on Sunday exhorted his nation to bear the sacrifices needed to mend broken public finances and vowed that his government won't "allow the country to become bankrupt."
The rescue involves outside aid on a scale not attempted in Europe since the U.S.-led effort to reanimate the Continent after World War II. No euro-zone country has ever taken a bailout from a peer. Besides its 2008 rescue of Iceland, the IMF's last intervention in Western Europe was in 1976, when it lent £2.3 billion ($3.5 billion at current exchange rates) to the U.K.
"We have no other choices and no time, so accessing the bailout is inevitable," Prime Minister George Papandreou said in a televised speech. Greece needs cash to pay back €8.5 billion in borrowings due May 19. A years-long fiscal spiral of debt and deficits has only gotten worse, cutting the country off from capital markets.
On Sunday, the finance ministers of the 16 euro-zone nations agreed that the 15 other countries would lend €80 billion over three years, after receiving a positive assessment of the need for a bailout by officials at the European Commission, the bloc's executive arm, and the European Central Bank. The IMF will, in parallel, offer a €30 billion package.
The EU countries will lend as much as €30 billion this year. Jean-Claude Juncker, the president of the council of euro-zone finance ministers, said the first tranche will be delivered before the May 19 redemption.
The price of the aid is a set of searing measures to cut Greece's budget gap. The government will slash public-sector wages, raise sin taxes, increase value-added taxes, impose a new levy on businesses, cut pension payments and raise retirement ages for some public-sector workers.


Se volete approfondire i termini del salvataggio della Grecia, oltre all'articolo appena citato sul WSJ
potete anche dare un'occhiata al NYTimes: qui sono descritte le misure che il governo greco adotterà per ridurre il deficit, qui invece trovate un'interessante analisi dell'evasione fiscale in Grecia. Secondo le stime più attendibili il nero equivale a circa il 20-30% del GDP con un'evasione quantificabile in circa 30 miliardi di dollari USA all'anno (qui la fonte è la confindustria greca).


Ecco l'aggiornamento al 30 aprile 2010.

1 commento:

giovanni.gambino ha detto...

bello sport l'evasione nei paesi del mediterraneo